汉字转化为拼音(php版)

汉字转化为拼音(php版)很多服务器对于中文文件名支持不是很好,有没有好的办法来解决呢???现在的解决方法一般是产生一个ID,将这个ID做文件名;网页上如果url带汉字也经常出错;现在的解决方法一般用urlencode编码
现在用了这个转化,就好多了 原理:利用多维数组 1.添加索引 2.遍历数组 ?
$d=array( array(“a”,-20319), array(“ai”,-20317), array(“an”,-20304),
array(“ang”,-20295), array(“ao”,-20292), array(“ba”,-20283),
array(“bai”,-20265), array(“ban”,-20257), array(“bang”,-20242),
array(“bao”,-20230), array(“bei”,-20051), array(“ben”,-20036),
array(“beng”,-20032), array(“bi”,-20026), array(“bian”,-20002),
array(“biao”,-19990), array(“bie”,-19986), array(“bin”,-19982),
array(“bing”,-19976), array(“bo”,-19805), array(“bu”,-19784),
array(“ca”,-19775), array(“cai”,-19774), array(“can”,-19763),
array(“cang”,-19756), array(“cao”,-19751), array(“ce”,-19746),
array(“ceng”,-19741), array(“cha”,-19739), array(“chai”,-19728),
array(“chan”,-19725), array(“chang”,-19715), array(“chao”,-19540),
array(“che”,-19531), array(“chen”,-19525), array(“cheng”,-19515),
array(“chi”,-19500), array(“chong”,-19484), array(“chou”,-19479),
array(“chu”,-19467), array(“chuai”,-19289), array(“chuan”,-19288),
array(“chuang”,-19281), array(“chui”,-19275), array(“chun”,-19270),
array(“chuo”,-19263), array(“ci”,-19261), array(“cong”,-19249),
array(“cou”,-19243), array(“cu”,-19242), array(“cuan”,-19238),
array(“cui”,-19235), array(“cun”,-19227), array(“cuo”,-19224),
array(“da”,-19218), array(“dai”,-19212), array(“dan”,-19038),
array(“dang”,-19023), array(“dao”,-19018), array(“de”,-19006),
array(“deng”,-19003), array(“di”,-18996), array(“dian”,-18977),
array(“diao”,-18961), array(“die”,-18952), array(“ding”,-18783),
array(“diu”,-18774), array(“dong”,-18773), array(“dou”,-18763),
array(“du”,-18756), array(“duan”,-18741), array(“dui”,-18735),
array(“dun”,-18731), array(“duo”,-18722), array(“e”,-18710),
array(“en”,-18697), array(“er”,-18696), array(“fa”,-18526),
array(“fan”,-18518), array(“fang”,-18501), array(“fei”,-18490),
array(“fen”,-18478), array(“feng”,-18463), array(“fo”,-18448),
array(“fou”,-18447), array(“fu”,-18446), array(“ga”,-18239),
array(“gai”,-18237), array(“gan”,-18231), array(“gang”,-18220),
array(“gao”,-18211), array(“ge”,-18201), array(“gei”,-18184),
array(“gen”,-18183), array(“geng”,-18181), array(“gong”,-18012),
array(“gou”,-17997), array(“gu”,-17988), array(“gua”,-17970),
array(“guai”,-17964), array(“guan”,-17961), array(“guang”,-17950),
array(“gui”,-17947), array(“gun”,-17931), array(“guo”,-17928),
array(“ha”,-17922), array(“hai”,-17759), array(“han”,-17752),
array(“hang”,-17733), array(“hao”,-17730), array(“he”,-17721),
array(“hei”,-17703), array(“hen”,-17701), array(“heng”,-17697),
array(“hong”,-17692), array(“hou”,-17683), array(“hu”,-17676),
array(“hua”,-17496), array(“huai”,-17487), array(“huan”,-17482),
array(“huang”,-17468), array(“hui”,-17454), array(“hun”,-17433),
array(“huo”,-17427), array(“ji”,-17417), array(“jia”,-17202),
array(“jian”,-17185), array(“jiang”,-16983), array(“jiao”,-16970),
array(“jie”,-16942), array(“jin”,-16915), array(“jing”,-16733),
array(“jiong”,-16708), array(“jiu”,-16706), array(“ju”,-16689),
array(“juan”,-16664), array(“jue”,-16657), array(“jun”,-16647),
array(“ka”,-16474), array(“kai”,-16470), array(“kan”,-16465),
array(“kang”,-16459), array(“kao”,-16452), array(“ke”,-16448),
array(“ken”,-16433), array(“keng”,-16429), array(“kong”,-16427),
array(“kou”,-16423), array(“ku”,-16419), array(“kua”,-16412),
array(“kuai”,-16407), array(“kuan”,-16403), array(“kuang”,-16401),
array(“kui”,-16393), array(“kun”,-16220), array(“kuo”,-16216),
array(“la”,-16212), array(“lai”,-16205), array(“lan”,-16202),
array(“lang”,-16187), array(“lao”,-16180), array(“le”,-16171),
array(“lei”,-16169), array(“leng”,-16158), array(“li”,-16155),
array(“lia”,-15959), array(“lian”,-15958), array(“liang”,-15944),
array(“liao”,-15933), array(“lie”,-15920), array(“lin”,-15915),
array(“ling”,-15903), array(“liu”,-15889), array(“long”,-15878),
array(“lou”,-15707), array(“lu”,-15701), array(“lv”,-15681),
array(“luan”,-15667), array(“lue”,-15661), array(“lun”,-15659),
array(“luo”,-15652), array(“ma”,-15640), array(“mai”,-15631),
array(“man”,-15625), array(“mang”,-15454), array(“mao”,-15448),
array(“me”,-15436), array(“mei”,-15435), array(“men”,-15419),
array(“meng”,-15416), array(“mi”,-15408), array(“mian”,-15394),
array(“miao”,-15385), array(“mie”,-15377), array(“min”,-15375),
array(“ming”,-15369), array(“miu”,-15363), array(“mo”,-15362),
array(“mou”,-15183), array(“mu”,-15180), array(“na”,-15165),
array(“nai”,-15158), array(“nan”,-15153), array(“nang”,-15150),
array(“nao”,-15149), array(“ne”,-15144), array(“nei”,-15143),
array(“nen”,-15141), array(“neng”,-15140), array(“ni”,-15139),
array(“nian”,-15128), array(“niang”,-15121), array(“niao”,-15119),
array(“nie”,-15117), array(“nin”,-15110), array(“ning”,-15109),
array(“niu”,-14941), array(“nong”,-14937), array(“nu”,-14933),
array(“nv”,-14930), array(“nuan”,-14929), array(“nue”,-14928),
array(“nuo”,-14926), array(“o”,-14922), array(“ou”,-14921),
array(“pa”,-14914), array(“pai”,-14908), array(“pan”,-14902),
array(“pang”,-14894), array(“pao”,-14889), array(“pei”,-14882),
array(“pen”,-14873), array(“peng”,-14871), array(“pi”,-14857),
array(“pian”,-14678), array(“piao”,-14674), array(“pie”,-14670),
array(“pin”,-14668), array(“ping”,-14663), array(“po”,-14654),
array(“pu”,-14645), array(“qi”,-14630), array(“qia”,-14594),
array(“qian”,-14429), array(“qiang”,-14407), array(“qiao”,-14399),
array(“qie”,-14384), array(“qin”,-14379), array(“qing”,-14368),
array(“qiong”,-14355), array(“qiu”,-14353), array(“qu”,-14345),
array(“quan”,-14170), array(“que”,-14159), array(“qun”,-14151),
array(“ran”,-14149), array(“rang”,-14145), array(“rao”,-14140),
array(“re”,-14137), array(“ren”,-14135), array(“reng”,-14125),
array(“ri”,-14123), array(“rong”,-14122), array(“rou”,-14112),
array(“ru”,-14109), array(“ruan”,-14099), array(“rui”,-14097),
array(“run”,-14094), array(“ruo”,-14092), array(“sa”,-14090),
array(“sai”,-14087), array(“san”,-14083), array(“sang”,-13917),
array(“sao”,-13914), array(“se”,-13910), array(“sen”,-13907),
array(“seng”,-13906), array(“sha”,-13905), array(“shai”,-13896),
array(“shan”,-13894), array(“shang”,-13878), array(“shao”,-13870),
array(“she”,-13859), array(“shen”,-13847), array(“sheng”,-13831),
array(“shi”,-13658), array(“shou”,-13611), array(“shu”,-13601),
array(“shua”,-13406), array(“shuai”,-13404), array(“shuan”,-13400),
array(“shuang”,-13398), array(“shui”,-13395), array(“shun”,-13391),
array(“shuo”,-13387), array(“si”,-13383), array(“song”,-13367),
array(“sou”,-13359), array(“su”,-13356), array(“suan”,-13343),
array(“sui”,-13340), array(“sun”,-13329), array(“suo”,-13326),
array(“ta”,-13318), array(“tai”,-13147), array(“tan”,-13138),
array(“tang”,-13120), array(“tao”,-13107), array(“te”,-13096),
array(“teng”,-13095), array(“ti”,-13091), array(“tian”,-13076),
array(“tiao”,-13068), array(“tie”,-13063), array(“ting”,-13060),
array(“tong”,-12888), array(“tou”,-12875), array(“tu”,-12871),
array(“tuan”,-12860), array(“tui”,-12858), array(“tun”,-12852),
array(“tuo”,-12849), array(“wa”,-12838), array(“wai”,-12831),
array(“wan”,-12829), array(“wang”,-12812), array(“wei”,-12802),
array(“wen”,-12607), array(“weng”,-12597), array(“wo”,-12594),
array(“wu”,-12585), array(“xi”,-12556), array(“xia”,-12359),
array(“xian”,-12346), array(“xiang”,-12320), array(“xiao”,-12300),
array(“xie”,-12120), array(“xin”,-12099), array(“xing”,-12089),
array(“xiong”,-12074), array(“xiu”,-12067), array(“xu”,-12058),
array(“xuan”,-12039), array(“xue”,-11867), array(“xun”,-11861),
array(“ya”,-11847), array(“yan”,-11831), array(“yang”,-11798),
array(“yao”,-11781), array(“ye”,-11604), array(“yi”,-11589),
array(“yin”,-11536), array(“ying”,-11358), array(“yo”,-11340),
array(“yong”,-11339), array(“you”,-11324), array(“yu”,-11303),
array(“yuan”,-11097), array(“yue”,-11077), array(“yun”,-11067),
array(“za”,-11055), array(“zai”,-11052), array(“zan”,-11045),
array(“zang”,-11041), array(“zao”,-11038), array(“ze”,-11024),
array(“zei”,-11020), array(“zen”,-11019), array(“zeng”,-11018),
array(“zha”,-11014), array(“zhai”,-10838), array(“zhan”,-10832),
array(“zhang”,-10815), array(“zhao”,-10800), array(“zhe”,-10790),
array(“zhen”,-10780), array(“zheng”,-10764), array(“zhi”,-10587),
array(“zhong”,-10544), array(“zhou”,-10533), array(“zhu”,-10519),
array(“zhua”,-10331), array(“zhuai”,-10329), array(“zhuan”,-10328),
array(“zhuang”,-10322), array(“zhui”,-10315), array(“zhun”,-10309),
array(“zhuo”,-10307), array(“zi”,-10296), array(“zong”,-10281),
array(“zou”,-10274), array(“zu”,-10270), array(“zuan”,-10262),
array(“zui”,-10260), array(“zun”,-10256), array(“zuo”,-10254) );
function g($num){ global $d; if($num0&&$num160){ return chr($num); }
elseif($num-20319$num-10247){ return “”; }else{
for($i=count($d)-1;$i=0;$i–){if($d[$i][1]=$num)break;} return
$d[$i][0]; } } function c($str){ $ret=””;
for($i=0;$istrlen($str);$i++){ $p=ord(substr($str,$i,1)); if($p160){
$q=ord(substr($str,++$i,1)); $p=$p*256+$q-65536; } $ret.=g($p); }
return $ret; } echo c($hz); ? form method=post 请在此处输入中文:input
name=hz /form

本文整理了PHP汉字拼音转换和公历农历转换两个功能类文件,非常实用。比如我们查找通讯录可以通过联系人姓名的拼音首字母来查询,可以通过首字母来导航大数据量,可以通过转换拼音来做网站优化等。公农历转化一般用在日历日程安排的项目中,方便农历的节日提醒等等。

1、PHP汉字转拼音

Pinyin.class.php类文件可以将大多数汉字转换成汉语拼音,当然也有个别生僻字不能转换,如果你想转换所有的汉字拼音的话,可能需要再配合一个汉字字库来实现,使用该类文件就基本能满足你的项目需求了。用法:复制代码 代码如下: require_once; $pinyin = new
Pinyin(); $str = ‘好好学习天天向上’; echo $pinyin->strtopin;
执行后输出:hao hao xue xi tian tian xiang
shang。如果只是想输出汉字首字母则使用:复制代码 代码如下: echo $pinyin->strtopin;
执行后输出:hhxxttxs。

Pinyin.class.php 源码:复制代码
代码如下:

function g {if ($num > 0 && $num < 160) {return chr;}elseif ($num
< -20319 || $num > -10247) {return “”;} else {for – 1; $i >= 0;
$i–) {if ($this->d[$i][1] <= $num)break;}return
$this->d[$i][0];}}

function c {$ret = “”;for ($i = 0; $i < strlen {$p = ord;

$q = ord(substr;

$p = $p * 256 + $q -65536;

}$ret .= $this->g;

}$ret = substr;return $ret;}

function f {$ret = “”;for ($i = 0; $i < strlen {$p = ord;if {$q =
ord(substr;$p = $p * 256 + $q -65536;}$ret .= $this->g;}return
$ret;}

/*PHP截取UTF-8编码的中英文字符串*/function utf8_substr {return
preg_replace(‘#^(?:[x00-x7F]|[xC0-xFF][x80-xBF]+){0,’
. $from . ‘}’ .
‘((?:[x00-x7F]|[xC0-xFF][x80-xBF]+){0,’ . $len .
‘}).*#s’, ‘$1’, $str);}

/*将中英文字符串转换成拼音*/function strtopin {$i = 0;$pinyin =
“”;$arr = array {$str = $this->utf8_substr;if {$arr[$i] =
$str;$str = iconv(“utf-8”, “gb2312″, $str);if{ //转换成首字母$pinyin .=
$this->c;}else{ //转换成全拼$pinyin .= $this->f.” “;}$i = $i +1;}
elsebreak;}return $pinyin;}}

?>2、PHP公历农历转换公历转农历的算法非常复杂,涉及到农历润月、干支纪年、生肖等。网络上有很多提供的算法,本文整理的一个Lunar.class.php可以实现公农历互转功能。用法:复制代码 代码如下: require_once; $lunar = new
Lunar(); $date = $lunar->convertLunarToSolar; //公历转农历 print_r;
执行后输出数组:复制代码 代码如下: Array
( [0] => 二零一三 [1] => 七月 [2] => 十一 [3] =>
癸巳 [4] => 7 [5] => 11 [6] => 蛇 [7] => 0 )
如果要将农历转换成公历则使用:复制代码
代码如下: $date = $lunar->convertLunarToSolar; //农历转公历 print_r;
执行后输出数组:复制代码 代码如下: Array
( [0] => 2013 [1] => 09 [2] => 21 )

Lunar.class.php源码:复制代码
代码如下:lunarInfo[$year-$this->MIN_YEAR];
if($year==$this->MIN_YEAR&&$month<=2&&$date<=9){ return
array(1891,’正月’,’初一’,’辛卯’,1,1,’兔’); } return
$this->getLunarByBetween($year,$this->getDaysBetweenSolar($year,$month,$date,$yearData[1],$yearData[2]));
}

function convertSolarMonthToLunar { $yearData =
$this->lunarInfo[$year-$this->MIN_YEAR];
if($year==$this->MIN_YEAR&&$month<=2&&$date<=9){ return
array(1891,’正月’,’初一’,’辛卯’,1,1,’兔’); } $month_days_ary =
array(31, 28, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31, 31, 30, 31, 30, 31); $dd =
$month_days_ary[$month]; if($this->isLeapYear && $month == 2)
$dd++; $lunar_ary = array(); for ($i = 1; $i < $dd; $i++) { $array =
$this->getLunarByBetween($year,$this->getDaysBetweenSolar($year,
$month, $i, $yearData[1], $yearData[2])); $array[] = $year . ‘-‘ .
$month . ‘-‘ . $i; $lunar_ary[$i] = $array; } return $lunar_ary; }
/** * 将阴历转换为阳历 * @param year 阴历-年 * @param month
阴历-月,闰月处理:例如如果当年闰五月,那么第二个五月就传六月,相当于阴历有13个月,只是有的时候第13个月的天数为0
* @param date 阴历-日 */ function convertLunarToSolar{ $yearData =
$this->lunarInfo[$year-$this->MIN_YEAR]; $between =
$this->getDaysBetweenLunar; $res =
mktime(0,0,0,$yearData[1],$yearData[2],$year); $res = date(‘Y-m-d’,
$res+$between*24*60*60); $day = explode; $year = $day[0]; $month=
$day[1]; $day = $day[2]; return array; } /** * 判断是否是闰年 *
@param year */ function isLeapYear{ return (($year%4==0 && $year%100
!=0) || ; } /** * 获取干支纪年 * @param year */ function
getLunarYearName{ $sky =
array(‘庚’,’辛’,’壬’,’癸’,’甲’,’乙’,’丙’,’丁’,’戊’,’己’); $earth =
array(‘申’,’酉’,’戌’,’亥’,’子’,’丑’,’寅’,’卯’,’辰’,’巳’,’午’,’未’);
$year = $year.”; return $sky[$year{3}].$earth[$year%12]; } /** *
根据阴历年获取生肖 * @param year 阴历年 */ function getYearZodiac{
$zodiac =
array(‘猴’,’鸡’,’狗’,’猪’,’鼠’,’牛’,’虎’,’兔’,’龙’,’蛇’,’马’,’羊’);
return $zodiac[$year%12]; } /** * 获取阳历月份的天数 * @param year
阳历-年 * @param month 阳历-月 */ function getSolarMonthDays{
$monthHash =
array(‘1’=>31,’2’=>$this->isLeapYear?29:28,’3’=>31,’4’=>30,’5’=>31,’6’=>30,’7’=>31,’8’=>31,’9’=>30,’10’=>31,’11’=>30,’12’=>31);
return $monthHash[“$month”]; } /** * 获取阴历月份的天数 * @param
year 阴历-年 * @param month 阴历-月,从一月开始 */ function
getLunarMonthDays{ $monthData = $this->getLunarMonths; return
$monthData[$month-1]; } /** * 获取阴历每月的天数的数组 * @param
year */ function getLunarMonths{ $yearData = $this->lunarInfo[$year

  • $this->MIN_YEAR]; $leapMonth = $yearData[0]; $bit = decbin; for
    ($i = 0; $i < strlen { $bitArray[$i] = substr; }
    for($k=0,$klen=16-count;$klunarInfo[$year-$this->MIN_YEAR];
    $monthArray = $this->getLunarYearMonths; $len = count; return
    ($monthArray[$len-1]==0?$monthArray[$len-2]:$monthArray[$len-1]);
    } function getLunarYearMonths{ //debugger; $monthData =
    $this->getLunarMonths; $temp=0; $yearData =
    $this->lunarInfo[$year-$this->MIN_YEAR]; $len =
    ($yearData[0]==0?12:13); for{ $temp=0; for{ $temp+=$monthData[$j]; }
    array_push; } return $res; } /** * 获取闰月 * @param year 阴历年份
    */ function getLeapMonth{ $yearData =
    $this->lunarInfo[$year-$this->MIN_YEAR]; return $yearData[0];
    } /** * 计算阴历日期与正月初一相隔的天数 * @param year * @param
    month * @param date */ function getDaysBetweenLunar{ $yearMonth =
    $this->getLunarMonths; $res=0; for{ $res +=$yearMonth[$i-1]; }
    $res+=$date-1; return $res; } /** * 计算2个阳历日期之间的天数 *
    @param year 阳历年 * @param cmonth * @param cdate * @param dmonth
    阴历正月对应的阳历月份 * @param ddate 阴历初一对应的阳历天数 */
    function getDaysBetweenSolar($year,$cmonth,$cdate,$dmonth,$ddate){ $a =
    mktime(0,0,0,$cmonth,$cdate,$year); $b =
    mktime(0,0,0,$dmonth,$ddate,$year); return ceil; } /** *
    根据距离正月初一的天数计算阴历日期 * @param year 阳历年 * @param
    between 天数 */ function getLunarByBetween{ //debugger; $lunarArray =
    array; $t=0; $e=0; $leapMonth=0; $m=”; if{ array_push($lunarArray,
    $year,’正月’,’初一’); $t = 1; $e = 1; }else{ $year = $between>0?
    $year : ; $yearMonth = $this->getLunarYearMonths; $leapMonth =
    $this->getLeapMonth; $between = $between>0?$between :
    ($this->getLunarYearDays; for{ if($between==$yearMonth[$i]){
    $t=$i+2; $e=1; break; }else
    if($betweengetCapitalNum:$this->getCapitalNum(($leapMonth!=0&&$leapMonth+1toYear;
    array_push($lunarArray,$my_year,$m,$this->getCapitalNum; }
    array_push($lunarArray,$this->getLunarYearName;// 天干地支
    array_push; array_push($lunarArray,$this->getYearZodiac;// 12生肖
    array_push($lunarArray,$leapMonth);// 闰几月 return $lunarArray;
    }//转换成中文年份 function toYear{$arr =
    array(“零”,”一”,”二”,”三”,”四”,”五”,”六”,”七”,”八”,”九”);$year_arr =
    str_split;$str =
    $arr[$year_arr[0]].$arr[$year_arr[1]].$arr[$year_arr[2]].$arr[$year_arr[3]];return
    $str;} /** * 获取数字的阴历叫法 * @param num 数字 * @param isMonth
    是否是月份的数字 */ function getCapitalNum{ $isMonth = $isMonth ||
    false;
    $dateHash=array(‘0’=>”,’1’=>’一’,’2’=>’二’,’3’=>’三’,’4’=>’四’,’5’=>’五’,’6’=>’六’,’7’=>’七’,’8’=>’八’,’9’=>’九’,’10’=>’十
    ‘);
    $monthHash=array(‘0’=>”,’1’=>’正月’,’2’=>’二月’,’3’=>’三月’,’4’=>’四月’,’5’=>’五月’,’6’=>’六月’,’7’=>’七月’,’8’=>’八月’,’9’=>’九月’,’10’=>’十月’,’11’=>’冬月’,’12’=>’腊月’);
    $res=”; if{ $res = $monthHash[$num]; }else{ if{ $res =
    ‘初’.$dateHash[$num]; }else if{ $res = ‘十’.$dateHash[$num-10];
    }else if{ $res = “二十”; }else if{ $res = “廿”.$dateHash[$num-20];
    }else if{ $res = “三十”; } } return $res; }}

以上整理的两个PHP类,可以满足项目基本需求,但是都有一定的缺陷,比如拼音转换可能会遇到生僻字转换不了,公历转农历你会发现2021年后的转换会出问题了,大家有空可以研究下,如果您有更好的实现代码,欢迎分享。

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